A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.

Proposal for the principles of governance for a future World Organization for Agriculture

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WOAgri’s raison d’être is to arouse international awareness and promote the creation of a World Organization for Agriculture.

This is why WOAgri is developing, first, an economic agricultural model adapted to the specificities and the strategic characteristics of agriculture (the NAR model), and second, will create an international assessment and grading agency (the NAR agency).

These two projects are described in two articles, which you will find in this report. But WOAgri is also preparing the arrival of this World Organization for Agriculture by discussing the principles of regulation and organization of world cooperation on agriculture, so that the States, when the time comes, can work together.

This article presents the main channels of thought on what could be tomorrow’s World Organization for Agriculture.

There are two types of principles of governance for a future World Organization for Agriculture:

- The general principles of a regulatory system, which could be a basis for government decisions on agricultural, food and development issues.

- The principles of the organization of international agricultural exchanges, which would guarantee for each country and / or region the optimal solution between internal production, export and import.

We can add to these two principles the conditions needed for their application, which would facilitate the organization of decision-making and the settlement of disputes.

I. General principles

These are based on the following main ideas:

The definition of an equilibrium price per product integrating elements of monetary variability and variants in the major regions of the world, to find the level of development and the needs for protection related to human, social and economic needs in the regions concerned.

The definition of an equilibrium price per product integrating elements of monetary variability and variants in the major regions of the world, to find the level of development and the needs for protection related to human, social and economic needs in the regions concerned.

These price levels would be chosen in order to guarantee an equitable income for farmers taking into consideration limitations related to the degree of development of the countries.

This basis for payment, which will be the object of a consensus on an international level, will be the main antidote to price volatility.

In any event, the framework of the structure is built around these prices and on the consequences of their use:

Radical reduction even elimination of production aid.

Increase if necessary in structural aid.

More generally, applying this principle would involve extending a system equivalent to the CAP to all regions in the world with deductions and restitutions at the frontiers of these major regions, commonly agreed on within the WTO framework. This would guarantee equitable prices for producers and at the same time maintain acceptable price levels for consumers.

II. Principles of organization

Because these general principles are new, it is necessary to describe the principles of organization that would be used to set up and manage the WOA.

1. Rather than using existing regulations, which are very different from one country to another, the first principle of organization that we propose is that of the specificity and the strategic characteristic of agriculture: a world organization for agriculture therefore needs to be created to guarantee the desired regulatory system, because, without it, nothing is possible.

This principle would also benefit major international institutions, because the WOA, as upstream regulator, would facilitate their work and give them better insight into agricultural reality.

2. This WOA, largely defined then constructed by the NAR Agency, would be composed of major producer countries, taking major regions, agricultural sector by agricultural sector. But if we do not wish to fall into an oligopolistic pattern, which is the OPEC’s main criticism, it is necessary, in order to manage each of these sectors, for the main consumer countries to be involved and to participate in the definition of stable prices, without which we would create a supply market.

Each agricultural sector therefore would be monitored by a management committee, including members from producer countries and some representatives of consumer countries.

3. Transversal management committees could also be set up. A preliminary study shows that three committees should be created:

A phtyosanitary and product quality committee.

A scientific and technological committee linked to research, innovation and yields.

A food and development committee, which would deal with food stability of populations, their development and the relationship between agriculture – environment – growth.

It is of course necessary to work together on the major issues that are specific to agriculture in order to reinforce the management of each sector.

III - The organisation of decision-making and the settlement of disputes at international level

The WOA would comprise two bodies

A political body

An administrative body

1. The political system could be the equivalent of the European Council of Heads of State. It would be a decisionary body capable of having considerable influence at international level and would fix stable prices per sector every year. Because the agriculture, food and development sectors are particularly sensitive, we believe that this political system is essential and it is for this reason that the Conseil des Sages will work in association with the assessment and grading agency to start the process and help it run smoothly.

If possible, a small permanent administrative team would carry out the preparatory work before decisions are made by the Council of Heads of State, often represented by Ministers of Agriculture and Foreign Trade.

All Heads of State would not be involved simultaneously but, in line with UN Security Council principles, a Permanent Council would include twenty States representing the five continents and a rota system set up. A General Assembly would be held every year to determine the major issues to be dealt with.

2. The second body would have a small administrative team to:

create the databases necessary for the system to function and to be able to propose decisions related to prices and any additional measures that are called for.

carry out any studies, audits and enquiries necessary to give insight into the realities of the situation and improve our vision for the future.

use and contribute to the development of the NAR model of international forecasts and simulations.

create and manage independent jurisdictional bodies to deal with the settlement of disputes.

This administrative department alone would have the power to make proposals. The management committees in each sector and the transversal committees would prepare these proposals before decisions are made by the permanent committee.

This system is in line with United Nations and the European Union policies. If we can initiate its creation, the CAP will be included in a worldwide system, and the trade disturbing policies, which are today at the heart of WTO debates, will disappear.

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Governance
Paris, 24 May 2019