A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Pierre Pagesse.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
Agriculture's key figures
With close to 40 % of the global workforce, agriculture is the world’s largest provider of jobs
 
Agriculture employs over 1.3 billion people throughout the world, or close to 40 percent of the global workforce1.

In about 50 countries, agriculture employs half of the population, and even 75 percent in the poorer nations2.

Agriculture is the world’s largest provider of jobs.

Agriculture, the largest economic sector in many parts of the world.


While agriculture only accounts for 4.2 percent of direct employment in developed nations, it currently employs over 52 percent of the workforce in Africa, and 59 percent in Oceania.

These figures must not make us forget that, during the 20th century, the ratio of farmers has declined in every part of the world––from 35 to 4.2 percent in developed nations between 1950 and 2010, and from 81 to 48.2 percent in developing countries3.

When it is not offset by economic development––especially in agro-food
 
industries––this rural exodus creates more poverty.

The deregulation of agricultural policies leads to a still momentous rural exodus and an upsurge of poverty.

In developing countries, the exodus is rooted in the rise of rural poverty. Declining agricultural prices, combined with unsustainable international competition, has forced many farmers from their land4.

It is no coincidence that the Chinese government offers its farmers a guaranteed grain purchase price of about €250 per ton5.

In developed countries, technological and scientific progress has ushered productivity gains in agriculture. The subsequent rural migration has proved to be an asset for the development of new industries. However, this momentum is gradually weakening, for lack of an alternative to agricultural employment.

Today, agricultural market deregulation, which makes the guarantee of profitable prices uncertain, tends to hasten such migration when the economic crisis does not permit to accommodate the resulting inflow of new migrants.

In an effort to stem the escalating spiral of rural exodus that implies rising poverty in developing as well as developed countries, momagri advocates the regulation of agricultural markets.

Such regulation should achieve stable and profitable incomes, so that farmers can make a living from their work.

1 FAOStat in 2011,based on a global workforce of 3.3 billion people.
2 International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), 2011.
3 IFAD and International Labor Organization (ILO)
4 Marcel Mazoyer, Développement agricole inégal et sous-alimentation paysanne (Disparity in Agricultural Development and Farmers’ Undernourishment).
5 Pierre Pagesse, “What can we learn from China’s food security policy?” http://www.momagri.org/UK/points-of-view/What-can-we-learn-from-China-s-food-security-policy-_867.html
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Paris, 20 April 2014