A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Pierre Pagesse.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
Agriculture's key figures
The world’s major political powers are major agricultural powers
 
Rankings1 of the world’s major agricultural producers:

1st : China
2nd : EU-272
3rd : United States
4th : India
5th : Brazil

8th : Russia
9th : France
12th : Germany
32nd : Netherlands


The three leaders––China, the European Union and the United States––account for nearly half of the total global production in terms of value.

A close relationship between agricultural power and political power

Remarkably, these nations are all members of the G20 and four of them––China, United States, France and Russia––are members of the UN Security Council3.

Numerous political statements no longer signal any doubt concerning the geopolitical influence of agricultural powers.

For instance, Dmitri Medvedev, while Deputy Premier of Russia, stated in 2008 that Russia “has every chance of becoming a great agricultural powerhouse and reclaiming [its] status […] lost in the 20th century”.

The rankings are even more meaningful if we compare the value of agricultural production against the population in a given nation.

 
We can thus clearly see the countries that, as they benefit from export capacities, are gaining agricultural power in the international arena:

1st : Unitesd States
2nd : EU
3rd : Brazil
4th : China

National priorities or international ambitions

Depending on the country, agricultural power is guided by:
Either national constraints: That is the case of China, where agriculture is a national priority due to its nearly 1.3 billion people. A great deal is at stake: Food riots would be destructive to social peace and political stability.
Or international ambitions
That is the case of Brazil ever since President Lula’s declaration that “Brazil will be the world’s farm”.

Another titan hounds the group of leaders: The alliance between Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan, which could account for 25 percent of global wheat exports, against 10 percent today.

The rankings show a sizeable absence:
The African Continent

Yet, this is the continent posting the largest population growth––and thus food requirements––for the coming years.

Together with such agricultural deficit, the continent also struggles to make its voice heard in the global political governance.

For the coming years, momagri estimates an intensification of the relationship between agricultural power and political power. This increasingly narrow overlap will have implications on the stability or instability of international relations.

This is the reason why momagri advocates the implementation of an agricultural and food governance system.

1 2009 FAO statistics for total agricultural production in terms of value, which gives a significant weight to the price variable. Hence, for instance, the inversion of the yield curb for almost all nations due to declining agricultural prices.
2 EU: European Union
3 That only counts five permanent members. Only the United Kingdom is not included.
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Paris, 17 September 2014