A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
Agriculture's key figures
  1/2 More than one in two people suffering from hunger worldwide is a farmer
 
925 million people worldwide are going hungry1,
98% of them live in developing countries and 55% of them are farmers.2

Paradoxically, those who farm the land can no longer feed themselves!

Why? Because farming is not an income-producing activity in many countries.

Consequently, an increasing number of farmers are forced to abandon the land.

There is therefore an issue of agricultural income level, a situation encountered in every nation of the world.

A process of farmers’ impoverishment

For momagri, three key reasons account for the situation:

- The volatility of agricultural prices has been increasing since the early 2000s. These price fluctuations are destabilizing agricultural markets: “when prices are low, hundreds of millions of […] producers […] deprive themselves of food, and when prices are high, hundreds of millions consumers […] take turn to go without food themselves.”3

- The lower prices in international markets for key agricultural products––a decline emphasized by dumping practices––has impoverished an increasing number of farmers: sale prices for agricultural products are very often lower than production costs4.

- The dismantling of agricultural policies and unbridled liberalization of international trade since the 1990s has led farmers to experience the excessive volatility of global agricultural markets and a decline in earnings.
And the momagri model proved it as early as 2008!

A decline in farmers’ revenues
 
The case of unregulated liberalization of international agricultural trade would generate lower revenues for most farmers.

Only farmers in exporting emerging nations––such as South America’s Southern Cone––would gain!

Source : momagri model, 2009

It has now become clear that the WTO guidelines would worsen rural poverty in the poorest nations, as well as in many industrialized countries.

This is the reason why agricultural policies that aim to regulate markets, invest in agriculture and strengthen farmers’ competitiveness are the sine qua non condition to bring farmers out of poverty, and thus encourage production.

A global agricultural and food governance system is a pre-condition for marshaling all agricultural activities worldwide to feed the world population.

All the more so since growth projections for the world population are shifting up: the world should count 8.3 billion people by 2030.

Consequently, agricultural production will, then more than ever, become a strategic factor for all nations worldwide, as they must devise solutions so that farmers can make a living from their work (no production without revenue!)

momagri advocates the creation of a Global Agricultural Security Council modeled on the UN Security Council, to forestall and cope with food crises through strengthened international cooperation.

1 FAO, 2010
2 Source: 2010 statistics, Food and Agriculture Organization (www.fao.org) and World Food Program (www.wfp.org/)
3 Please see “La Fracture Alimentaire Mondiale” (The Global Food Divide) by Marcel Mazoyer and Laurence Roudart.
4 Please see “Développement agricole inégal et sous-alimentation paysanne” (Disparity in Agricultural Development and Farmers’ undernourishment) by Marcel Mazoyer
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Paris, 10 December 2018