A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
Chiffres-clés de l’Agriculture
Every single day, over 550 acres of agricultural land, the equivalent of four average-size farms, are disappearing in France
Between 1960 and 2010, France’s Utilized Agricultural Area (SAU) fell from 89 million to 67 million acres, a decline of 25 percent.

Today, France is losing an average of 202,550 acres1 of farmland every year, or close to 550 acres daily.

Even though France remains a largely agricultural nation, with about 50 percent of its territory used for agricultural activities in 20102, farmland keeps declining.

A European phenomenon that is more prevalent in France3

The whole of Europe is affected by vanishing

farmland, but France is reporting a faster rate than other European nations.

Indeed, Germany only lost five million acres of its Utilized Agricultural Area (SAU) between 1960 and 2010, a decline of almost 11 percent4.

The destruction of agricultural land is due to several factors, among which:

- The country’s urbanization, as urban areas doubled between 1960 and 2010, increasing from 6.2 million to 12.4 million acres5.
- The exodus from farming or the sale of farmland by farmers, a trend that has escalated in the past few years due to rising real estate prices.

As well as stagnating agricultural yields

Following fifty years of continued growth, wheat yields have been stagnating since the 2000s. The problem lies with bypassing crop fertilization and protection due to rising costs and the depreciation of agricultural revenues6. The fact concerning wheat is also true for other crops.

As a result, our capabilities to increase agricultural production are being questioned.

The G20 Summit called for an increase in global production and productivity in order to feed eight billion people in 2030. Both France and the European Union, which benefit from favorable climate conditions and advanced know-how, must play a key role to meet this challenge.

This is the reason why curbing the farmland destruction process is a key issue.

momagri believes that, beyond fiscal and administrative measures to preserve farmland, we must enable farmers to earn a living from their land.

Otherwise, the rural exodus will still intensify to reach a point of no return.

1 Agreste Primeur, issue #260 of April 2011, French Ministry of Agriculture.
2 French Ministry of Agriculture, 2010 census
3 With 16% of the total EU agricultural area, France holds the largest share of farmland, followed by Spain, Germany, The United Kingdom, Poland, Romania and Italy.
4 Germany’s SAU declined from 47 million to 42 million acres between 1960 and 2010 (INSEE and FAO).
5 French Ministry of Agriculture
6 INRA and Arvalis Institute 2010 study.
Page Header
Paris, 16 June 2019