A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
Agriculture's key figures
Agricultural and food production still one of the top three exporting sectors
In 2011, French agricultural and food exports accounted for:

- Over €11 billion in trade surplus,

- Over 13% of the total French export value,

- The second-ranking positive sector of the French balance of trade1, behind transportation.

In fact, surplus sectors in the French balance of trade are scarce. Along with transportation, luxury goods and pharmaceuticals2, agribusiness activities are a factor to lower the French foreign trade deficit, which is close to €70 billion3 today.

The French foreign trade deficit reveals a symptom of the current economic crisis

This imbalance means that France imports more goods than it produces domestically. Just like the United States, France spends more than it earns!

Because this trade deficit is not offset by other components of the balance of payments (capital balance + financial balance), France must incur debt to finance the total imbalance. And the country will have to repay that indebtedness somewhere along the line!
Economists indicate that one of the causes of the current sovereign debt crisis comes from discrepancies of the balance of payments.

This is the reason why exporting industries––such as agro-food––represent very strategic segments for the French economy and employment.

A steady deterioration of the agricultural and agro-food export balance

Yet, such positive figures must not conceal the steady deterioration of France’s export balance for agricultural and agro-food products since the early 1990s.

Fluctuation of agricultural imports in French foreign trade

It is a well-known formula: the dismantling of the CAP and unregulated international trade + environmental constraints and labor costs = loss of competitiveness.

momagri thus calls on political leaders to adopt measures that put an end the worsening of export positions for the French agro-food sector.

The steps that need to be urgently taken must be part of strong common agricultural policy that will strengthen the competitiveness of French agriculture through market regulation leading to the stabilization of prices at lucrative levels.

1 French Ministry of Budget, Public Accounts and State Reform
2 The luxury business––France’s top exporter––is not recorded as an economic sector in its own right in national statistics.
3 Estimates for 2011 by the French Ministry of Budget and Public Accounts.
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Paris, 16 June 2019