A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

World Expo 2015:
the French agricultural model in question

May 11, 2015

France opened its pavilion at the Milan World Expo on 1st May. Held every five years, the 2015 edition of the exposition is devoted to one of the major challenges of the twenty-first century: feeding the world.

France is defending its agricultural model in order to “produce and feed differently” by basing it, among others, on innovation, research and technology with a project built on four pillars:
    - Contributing to global food self-sufficiency by helping to supply currently deficit countries,
    - Facing the challenge of “producing more and better”
    - Assisting developing countries in improving their capacity for food self-sufficiency,
    - Uniting food quality and quantity.
But France goes even further and considers fluctuations in world prices and the deregulation of international trade also as factors which inhibit access to food. If international trade is a necessity, it must be accompanied by control mechanisms to ensure the food security of populations.

Even though on paper the very definition of these challenges is welcome, it contrasts with a reality that could easily shake France’s enthusiasm and effort:
    - Consequently, the share of agriculture and food industries in France’s economic activity has dropped by more than half since 1980, mainly because of lowering prices for agricultural produce for the past 25 years.

    - In 10 years, France lost more than a quarter of its farms in favour of larger structures.

    - France has lost its place as Europe’s first agricultural and agri-food exporter and at an international level has dropped from second place to 5th place behind the United States, Germany, the Netherlands and Brazil.

    - France’s agricultural sector will have the most serious job losses than any other sector by 2020. According to a public report by France Strategy and Dares, in the space of 10 years, 76 000 posts will be lost.

    - Finally, France’s share of official development assistance (ODA), in which the agricultural component plays a key role, continues to decline and has dropped by over 20% since 2012 according to the OECD.
France is Europe’s first agricultural power. But faced with the ambition of the United States, Brazil or Russia, in an unregulated environment, France’s agricultural competitiveness is weakening, including within the European Union.

How then can France meet the World in Milan, if it cannot secure the future of its farmers or establish itself as one of the guarantors in the fight against world hunger?

Yet if France really wants to weigh in the global balance, it should be reminded that agriculture and food security are major strategic variables which must be placed at the centre of political and economic concerns.

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Paris, 19 June 2019