A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
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What is in store for countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea?

April 22, 2013

The Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) recently published a forward-looking assessment of the Mediterranean agriculture by 20301. It takes into account, within the limits of available data, 11 countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea (SEMCs)2 ––Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey.

Following an overview of the various types of agriculture and performance trends since 1994 as well as trade relations with the European Union, Saad Belghazi, the author of the report, mentions the goal shared by all since the 1980s––food self-sufficiency. With this aim in mind, these nations’ agricultural strategies are essentially based on protecting domestic markets (high tariffs, subsidized farming, farm modernization and protection of small farmers), and this with mixed results.

SEMCs are affected not only by exogenous risks, which impact output volumes that can significantly vary from one year to the next, but also by endogenous risks, since these nations largely rely on imports, especially European imports. In fact, according to the CEPS, these nations account for 6.8 percent of total European agricultural imports in 2009, and 13 percent of all European agricultural exports in 2008.

In that context, how can the area progress as regional and global player by 2030? The report charts four possible scenarios according to the varying degrees of openness to foreign trade––from pursuing current SMECs/EU cooperation––or Business As Usual (BAU)––to retreating to the inward-looking scenario. According the report conclusions, the agricultural sector can only evolve in keeping pace with trade liberalization, which must go hand in hand with increased cooperation and trade with these nations’ key partner––the European Union.

While the benefits from liberalizing agricultural output in the region are undeniable, let’s bear in mind that safeguards are required to prevent excessive liberalization and its adverse impact––uncontrolled speculation and the lack of regulation. In that case, the region’s production and incomes could suffer as a result.

To prevent this, the European Union must be one of the designers of an effective agricultural governance system capable to safeguard stabilizing and lucrative incomes through pertinent mechanisms, and thus ensure the region’s food security.

1 The full report is available from

2 Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries
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Paris, 19 June 2019