A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

U.S. development food aid in a process
of far-reaching change

May 13, 2013

The United States is planning a new reform of its development food aid. Since 1954, over 91 percent of American foreign food aid consists in shipping overseas, on US-flag cargo vessels, food that is exclusively produced on American soil. In addition, the practice specifies that national firms must handle 75 percent of the aid granted by Washington. In contrast, 55 percent of the EU food aid is purchased locally.

The Obama Administration planned reform looks more like a compromise for the fiscal year 2014 budget: 55 percent of the US food aid would still be purchased from American farmers, while options of local food purchases and cash transfers will be proposed––a system that has been in effect in the European Union since the 1990s.

Rajiv Shah, Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), indicated that the new reform would make the system more effective and more flexible, and help feed four million more people every year. In addition, the reform would save money on the purchase and delivery of foreign food aid, whose costs have multiplied by more than ten times since 1991.

Beyond the many considerations leading the U.S. to overhaul its foreign food aid strategy, the reform brings to mind a founding principle that is too often forgotten by international deciders: Food insecurity in developing countries, where most people suffering from hunger are farmers, is more related to the insolvent nature of domestic demand than a supply shortage, a fact long-advocated by the economist and agricultural engineer Marcel Mazoyer.

It is therefore crucial to implement policies adapted to this situation by securing and stimulating national agricultural production through gainful prices, so that sustainable economic development can be achieved.
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Paris, 17 June 2019