A high level forum took place in Paris on December 8 and 9 to encourage a fresh start for Sub-Saharian African food crop agriculture, particularly impacted by two decades of liberalisation1. For 2 days, the actors of the agricultural sector, ministers, financial backers and private sector debated about the means to avoid a new food crisis, on the same day as the FAO published an alarming report on continuous food insecurity in Africa2.
This meeting, initiated by France, was an opportunity to set up a dialogue between the different actors of the sector, on the ways to increase public and private investments, indispensable to a fresh start of African agriculture. The main aspects of the Western African Countries’ Economic Community (CEDEAO) agricultural policy, adopted in January 2005, were also presented, even if its implementation still hasn’t been planned.
Notwithstanding, the needs are urgent since agriculture represents 35% of African Gross Interior Product and occupies on average 70% of the population. Thus, a common policy would allow the harmonisation, integration and dynamisation of agricultural potential. The European example testifies in favour of its benefits.
1 Cf. Article momagri, « L’Afrique, symbole de l’échec des politiques libérales », 20/10/08
2 Cf. Article momagri, « Bientôt un milliard de sous-alimentés dans le monde », 08/12/08