A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

The evolution of agricultural support measures:
emerging countries catching up with OECD countries

July 13, 2015

The OECD’s 2015 report on agricultural policies, available in full this autumn, reveals there is a convergence between OECD countries and emerging economies in terms of support measures for agricultural producers. In countries like Brazil, Indonesia, Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and South Africa in particular there has been an increase in the use of support measures linked to prices and production. “In the 49 countries surveyed, 67% of support to farmers is directly linked to price, production volume or the use of inputs”.

“In total, over the period 2012-2014, the countries examined transferred an average of $601 billion dollars (450 billion euros) per year to farmers, according to the producer support estimate (PSE) calculated by OECD, and they spent more $135 billion dollars (103 billion euros) on services of general interest, useful to the operation of the sector as a whole”.

Beyond the debate on the relevance of agricultural subsidies, the figures released by the OECD are evidence that support for agriculture has now, once again, become a strategic priority, especially for emerging economies, be it in the fight against agricultural market instability and volatility, or in the name of competitiveness and food security.

Consequently, there is a wide variety of regulatory and management mechanisms for price volatility on international markets implemented by the major agricultural powers through public policies. They were developed as a strategy by each country, and they have evolved with price pressures, climate episodes, the financialization of markets and fiscal constraints.

The SGPAA indicator (Global Support for Agricultural Production and Food) was built by Momagri to compare support mechanisms, by annually evaluating the reality of direct and indirect subsidies granted by various States of the world to agriculture and food.

The global evolution of public aid allocated to agricultural sectors demonstrates the economic and strategic importance they hold for the United States, Brazil, China and Canada. The European Union is, on the other hand, the only one to establish its agricultural policy on support mechanisms decoupled from production.

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Paris, 16 June 2019