A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

Russia boosts its agricultural imports

13 December 2010



For the first time since the 1990s, Russia will start to import agricultural commodities, including grains. This was officially declared by the Prime Minister Vladimir Putin on 29th November, when he called on other agricultural powers to reserve part of their grain production for Russia. Indeed, Arkady Zlotchevski, president of the Russian Union of Wheat, said that Russia was negotiating with Argentina, Ukraine and Kazakhstan for grain purchases.

The country hit by drought last summer foresees its agriculture strategy and its geopolitical position as being completely overwhelmed in less than a year. Ever since 2005, the government has relied on agriculture for the country's return as a great power on the international stage.

In 2009, all international experts were in agreement that Russia had effectively become a major agricultural power, one of the world's "breadbaskets". In 2009/2010, for the first time, Russia had even become the world's largest producer of cereals, leading ahead of the United States. But this year's fires in summer resulted in a drop of nearly 10% of local agricultural production and led the government to adopt protectionist measures by imposing an embargo on grain exports. The consequences: severe economic difficulties in most areas and a wave of concern among traders and financial analysts.

This example shows that:

    1) It is extremely difficult to accurately predict, even for 12 months, the situation in global agricultural markets;
    2) That the formation of large "world farms" leaves agricultural markets more vulnerable to climatic fluctuations;
    3) That the strategic position of agriculture within the world major powers, coupled with the two above-mentioned points, is an additional factor for price pressure on structurally volatile markets.
Consequently, it is necessary to implement regulatory mechanisms to address the issues and risks that agriculture is currently facing. But also, to have warning indicators that enable international policy makers to take proactive measures in order to minimize the devastating effect of such market movements.
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Paris, 26 April 2019