A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

Mozambique threatened by the risk of a new food crisis

20 June 2011

The specter of hunger riots, such as the ones that raged in 2008 and 2010, is not far off. Several international organizations and government leaders have been sounding the alarm for several weeks now.

On June 4, the government of Mozambique admitted that the country might not ward off a food crisis and is dreading the resumption of the unrest that resulted in 18 people killed and hundreds wounded last September, following price increases for bread and rice. Just as other sub-Saharan African nations––Democratic Republic of the Congo, Senegal and Cameroon––Mozambique heavily relies on imports for its grain supply, since the country imports most of its rice and wheat needs. If prices continue to rise––especially due to the drought in Europe and North America––many experts fear the reappearance of a scenario similar to that of 2010.

The situation clearly shows the limitations of too open markets and the risks facing developing countries, which are net importers of agricultural products in cases of sharp price spikes. As highlighted by Oliver de Schutter, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, total trade liberalization will not generate improved food security in developing countries, on the contrary. Actually, let’s not forget that one of the key specificities of these countries lies in the fact that most of the people suffering from hunger are farmers.

So, beyond the required temporary emergency measures to be implemented to prevent a new food crisis, permanent reforms must imperatively be initiated so that these net importing countries are better integrated in the regional trade and develop their agricultural activities to lessen their excessive reliance on grain imports. This a required condition for Mozambique’s permanent end to food insecurity and the chronic risk of hunger riots.

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Paris, 24 April 2019