According to Alexander Müller, Assistant Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), "The erosion of biodiversity for food and agriculture severely compromises global food security."
The organization states that, over the last century, "three-quarters of the varietal genetic diversity of agricultural crops have been lost." Just twelve crops and fourteen animal species now provide most of the world’s food.
Biodiversity is an essential condition for developing agriculture throughout the world, particularly in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), where agriculture accounts for 70 percent of GDP.
In this context, a reduction of genetic resources, which could become even more severe under the effects of climate change, will affect both rural development and food security in the LDCs.
The FAO's statements on this issue coincided with the 9th Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD), held in Bonn from May 19-30, 2008 and that brought together 5,000 experts from 191 countries. During this conference, several themes were covered, with a focus on the connection between agriculture and biodiversity. The project to create an "IPCC for biodiversity," known as IMoSEB (International Mechanism Of Scientific Expertise on Biodiversity), was also discussed. The idea to create such a body was conceived at the January 2005 conference on "Biodiversity: Science and Governance" in Paris. Its mission would be to compile information on the state of biodiversity throughout the world and to propose appropriate solutions. In November 2007, momagri applauded the implementation of this project,1 which illustrates the need to design new forms of international cooperation encompassing all issues, such as food security and preserving biodiversity.
1 Read the November 12, 2007 article on the momagri website entitled "A New International Organization for Biodiversity" in the "A look at the news" section.