A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

Ensuring the country’s food security at all costs:
China’s priority

January 11, 2016

Each year China reinforces its agricultural strategy for food self-sufficiency both on the domestic level and externally. Indeed, as a net agricultural importer, Beijing has also developed a policy for land purchases created to help meet its food challenge. For example, Chinese soya imports multiplied sevenfold between late 1990 and 2014. In 2004, China accounted for 75% of global soybean imports against 20% in the early 2000s.

Despite this outside dependence, China considers its agricultural sector as highly strategic and the orientation of Chinese agricultural policy revolve around three major objectives: developing its agricultural production potential, improving the food security of its population and ensuring the balance between rural and urban populations. To reach them, China has set up many support programs that focus on two main themes that concentrate 85% of the aid paid: increasing the national production capacity and improving the living standards of farmers.

It is in this light that Beijing reiterated at a conference in late December its commitment to the country’s food security, “a deciding factor in the structural reform of agriculture”. The government reiterated its intention to supply basic food to the population, protect farmland and maintain production capacity by offering preferential policies to large scale grain farmers. Finally, China also plans to improve the price mechanism and government procurement measures for important agricultural products.

This proactive policy to support its agriculture is one of the cornerstones of China's overall policy. As Momagri’s SGPAA (Global Support to Agricultural and Food Production) indicator reveals the Chinese budget support to national industry grew by + 118% (724 billion CNY) over the period 2008-2014. Low in 2001 when China entered the WTO, domestic support in 2014 now amounts to 1.333 billion Yuan.

However, this policy is not to the liking of everyone. It has been reproached by the United States, which, within the WTO, denounced this practice as distortive. For the USDA, China’s forced march support for its agriculture is one of the reasons why US agricultural exports to China have dropped 13% in FY 2015 compared to the previous period. They are expected to fall further in 2016. But it must be remembered, however, that the value of US agricultural exports to China has increased from 1.7 billion USD in 2000 to 25.9 billion USD in 2015.

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Paris, 16 June 2019