A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

Development of European agriculture:
Changing farming structures

December 7, 2015


Between 2003 and 2013, over four million farms have disappeared in the EU––a 27.5 percent decline––while the total land used for agriculture has remained virtually stable. This means that the concentration of agriculture has increased, with the average farm size rising by 38 percent to 16.1 hectares (39.8 acres) in 2013 from 11.7 hectares (28.9 acres) in 2003. France and Spain alone account for close to 30 percent of all farmland in the European Union, with respectively 15.9 percent and 13.4 percent of land coming into production in 2013.

In addition, out of the 10.8 million farms identified in the EU in 2013, close to 3.5 million (31.1 percent) were operated by people over 65 or older, and 2.6 million (24.7 percent) by farmers between 55 and 64, while young farmers under 35 managed by six percent of all farms.

Published by Eurostat in the framework of a survey on farming operations, these statistics are showing two crucial facts:
  • The increase of average size of European farms––in spite of strong disparities from one member state to another, or even from one region to another––reflects the ineluctable fall in the number of farmers, which can be explained by both the adjustment of farming structures for incoming Eastern European operators and the pressure of a restricted economic environment that makes agricultural activities increasingly less attractive and the rehabilitation of farms more and more risky. But how bad will this decline get?
  • While the rising farm average size in Europe allows farmers to create economies of scale, these are limited and will only contribute to some improvement in farming productivity. In addition, they will be inadequate to make them more competitive against agricultural powerhouses, such as the United States and Brazil.
In this anxiety-provoking context, European agriculture cannot do without an agricultural policy tailored to the challenges it is facing. Undeniably, an economic “laisser-faire” could lead to extreme farming concentration with the social and environmental occurrences that could have harmful impacts. In spite of a situation that varies from one member state to the next, all European Union nations require effective tools to manage agricultural markets, following the example of the US model, specifically to stabilize agricultural incomes at gainful levels. Yet, this agenda is not guaranteed by the current CAP, which shows shortcomings in terms of economic requirements.

Consequently, momagri advocates another CAP that can, without additional costs, improve the competitiveness of European agriculture and the economic balance of farming operations, especially through new market regulation mechanisms.


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Paris, 19 December 2018