A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

China is reinforcing its support for agriculture,
demonstrating its highly strategic character

March 12, 2012

China wants to increase its support for agriculture as revealed in a policy document released in early February by the Chinese State Council.

Though the document does not specify the amount of the subsidies, it does indicate that they should increase faster than GDP growth (or at least 8% according to our sources).

The publication of this new policy confirms the trend that China has been following for several years1. Indeed, the government has been publishing a series of high priority policy documents throughout the 2000s concerning the “san nong”, or the “three rural issues” that are agriculture, farmers and rural areas.

There are many objectives to this policy:

    - Develop agricultural production to enhance Chinese self-sufficiency, particularly grain;
    - Significantly increase the incomes of rural households;
    - Increase the safety of food products;
    - Protect the environment;
    - Improve the social and technical infrastructures in rural areas;
    - Redress the country's agricultural trade balance, which posted a record deficit of $34 billion in 2011.
The WTO is increasingly more concerned about the distorting effects of this agricultural support policy, be it payments for the use of inputs, public storage, or subsidies for the building of infrastructures.

It is unlikely that these “concerns” prevent the Chinese government from continuing and amplifying the movement because of agriculture’s highly strategic character with regards both food security and the social and political stability of the country.

The other major agricultural powers of the world, including U.S. and India, are also conducting active policies in support of their agriculture. Hopefully these examples will contribute to the thought process of the European Union and inspire the ongoing reform of the Common Agricultural Policy. At a time when the G-20 is calling for increased agricultural production, it is paradoxical that only Europe, which shows a significant deficit, is disregarding its food security.

1 Please see momagri’s article “What can we learn from China’s food security policy?”, http://momagri.fr/UK/points-of-view/What-can-we-learn-from-China-s-food-security-policy-_867.html
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Paris, 26 April 2019