A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

China, an agricultural powerhouse at a crossroads

September 24, 2012

The International Livestock Trade Fair (SPACE) held in Rennes between September 11 and 14 gathered 1,300 exhibitors, including 361 from foreign nations, among which China. As the focus of particular attention, this economic powerhouse has, for the past few years, selected agriculture as one of the key drivers of its strategy of power.

During the past decade, China gained its position as major agricultural power by increasingly influencing agricultural markets and international negotiations. Yet, due to the Chinese population pressure and higher revenues, the country has experienced an increased food demand aggravated by a decline in farmable land and fast-growing industrialization and urbanization…

In such environment, the government boosted its policy of intervention on the domestic agricultural market in the framework of its 12th five-year plan (2011-2015), by modernizing agricultural infrastructures, raising farmers’ revenues, as well as fighting excessive speculation in financial agricultural markets. Eventually, Beijing wants to significantly increase its subsidies––already amounting to €90 billion––especially to strengthen China’s self-sufficiency.

For the past few years, this policy of steadfast support to agriculture was complemented by a policy to secure supplies from overseas, especially through increased agricultural investments in African nations. Most recently, one saw the arrival of the Chinese CITIC group in Angola––a cosseted partner of Beijing since 2003.

Subsidized loans, guaranteed prices, direct aids… The whole range of agricultural subsidies still did not prevent China from slowing down in its frantic race to food self-sufficiency. As a matter of fact, China has, since 2009, increasingly resorted to imports. The volume of imports to China thus increased to $144.7 billion in 2011 from $108.3 billion the previous year––a 34 percent increase1––hence ranking China as the top global agricultural importer.

In the coming years, the situation risks leading to new regional and international breakdowns generating deep turmoil in already very volatile markets. Genuine regulation mechanisms must be implemented, a task that must be the responsibility of the European Union. It is in this in mind that momagri, in order to advocate the transparency of a new global system of governance for agriculture, will soon release the results of its SGPA (Global Support to Agricultural Production) indicator for Brazil, China as well as Russia.

1 According to Bloomberg
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Paris, 16 June 2019