According to the latest annual report1 from the United Nations (UN) on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) published on 7th July, economic growth in developing countries, particularly those in Asia, could greatly reduce poverty worldwide by 2015.
Even if the international community continues to heal the wounds caused by the recent economic and financial crisis, the UN believes that “current trends suggest that growth maintains enough momentum in the developing world to ensure the progress needed to reach the target for reducing global poverty.” According to their projections, the overall poverty rate could lie below the threshold of 15% in 2015, or at a level that would achieve one of the MDGs whereby poverty should be halved between 2000 and 2015
This trend is particularly pronounced in Asia, where significant growth rates suggest that poverty rates will fall rapidly, like in China or India.
The fight against hunger remains one of the main objectives for the long-term decrease in poverty worldwide. However, the proportion of people in developing countries who suffer from hunger has remained stable since 2005 at 16%, even if extreme poverty has fallen markedly.
This lack of progress in the fight against hunger poses a real threat for a sustainable decrease in poverty worldwide, especially since it also generally impoverishes a significant part of the population whose role is strategic: farmers.
However, as noted in a previous article2, more than one individual in two suffering from hunger in the world is a farmer. Farmers are the cornerstones in the fight against food insecurity in the world. Without farmers, the objectives in terms of the agricultural production required to ensure adequate food for a growing population cannot be achieved. This is especially true in developing countries, whose needs are of the greatest concern and for which the proportion of farmers who suffer from hunger is the greatest.
It is therefore essential, in order to achieve sustainable progress in the fight against world hunger, to improve the condition of farmers in developing countries through appropriate regulatory measures that allow them to receive remunerative prices, prerequisite to establishing a virtuous circle of development.
2 World Hunger: There may be more than meets the eye (09/27/2010), http://www.momagri.org/UK/editorials/World-Hunger-There-may-be-more-than-meets-the-eye_746.html