A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

Agriculture still at the heart of development challenges in Africa

September 23, 2013

The Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) recently published its first report on the state of agriculture in Africa. Ten years after the Maputo Declaration, it provides a detailed analysis of agricultural development in 16 countries of the African continent. Beyond the required investments and interventions to be implemented, the document delivers a detailed database on the development of agricultural activities in Africa, and represents a valuable tool for governments, national research institutes and international organizations.

In Africa, 70 percent of the workforce is involved in agriculture, against 43 percent in the rest of the world. Yet, the report indicates that only two to four percent of the budgets of African nations are earmarked for agriculture, while 32 percent of GNP relies on the sector. And development support rarely goes to agriculture. In addition, agricultural productivity is a thousand times lower than productivity in France or in the U.S. Lastly, we note an umpteenth paradox: Africa imports close to $50 billion of food every year (International Labor Organization, 2013), although the continent has sufficient resources in manpower, land and water to meet the food requirements for its 1.1 billion people.

As stated by the report’s authors, the lack of agronomic research funds is one of the key barriers to the African green revolution. Africa has the world’s lowest research capacity with barely 70 researchers per million inhabitants (unlike the United States and Japan with 2,640 and 4,380 respectively). Only eight nations have met the objectives adopted in 2003 in Maputo, which stipulated to allocate ten percent of GDP toward agricultural development.

Recognizing the need to invest in African agriculture is also consistent with the conclusions of the latest “Dakar Agricole” held in April 2011, to which momagri was an active participant. The long-neglected agricultural sector currently seems to represent not only an answer to food crises, but also one of the pillars of economic development for governments.

And the benefit justifies the cost. A World Bank report published on March 4, 2013, indicates that agriculture and agro-business in Africa could amount $1,000 billion (close to €770 billion) between now and 2030––against 313 billion in 2010––if Africa puts agriculture at the heart of the continent’s development.

Yet while such “new agricultural revolution” must entail greater agricultural investment and research financing, it is also crucial that an international governance system implements more favorable conditions for the development of African agriculture and its integration in international markets.
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Paris, 16 June 2019