A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
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Agriculture at the origin of economic development

March 5, 2012

Promoting agricultural development is a prerequisite to the economic growth of States. This is the main conclusion of a scientific study conducted between October 2006 and September 2011 by researchers of the “Tracking Development”1 project (tracing the origins of development), for which the results were recently published2.

The objective of this study was to understand why the countries of Southeast Asia and those in sub-Saharan Africa pursued different economic trajectories over the past 50 years.

Indeed, countries in Southeast Asia grew by an average of nearly 6% per year between 1960 and 2005, against 3.5% in sub-Saharan Africa. Consequently, in the 1950s, while the population of Southeast Asia was on average poorer than that of sub-Saharan Africa, the situation has now been reversed. Several development indicators such as life expectancy followed the same trend: for example, in 8 countries with similar characteristics3, project researchers identified several key measures behind Asia's growth:

    - Increasing farmers’ incomes and promoting rural development;

    - Regulating and supervising the liberalization of the economy through government intervention.
These conclusions can also be generalized internationally. Agriculture, a key sector to economic development, should benefit from favorable conditions for its development: this requires not only public investment, but also agricultural market regulation to ensure incomes that are stable and remunerative enough to help farmers invest in inputs and improve productivity.

1 http://www.institutions-africa.org/trackingdevelopment_archived/home.html
2 Please see the article published in 2012 by Jan Kees van Donge (African Studies Center), David Henley (Leiden University Institute for Area Studies) and Peter Lewis (School of Advanced International Studies) in the “Development Policy Review”: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7679.2012.00563.x/pdf
3 Nigeria and Indonesia, Tanzania and Vietnam, Kenya and Malaysia, Uganda and Cambodia.
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