Highlighting the fact that food insecurity keeps increasing throughout the world, in particular due to the economic and financial crisis, the General Manager of the United Nations Organization for Food and Agriculture (FAO) Jacques Diouf, has once again pointed out the urgency of setting up “a new system of governance of world food security” to dam up the growing number of people suffering from hunger and poverty.
Speaking during a visit to Latin and South America (Chile, Brazil, and the Caribbean), Jacques Diouf called for “agricultural development policies (...) that will (...) offer farmers, in developed and developing countries alike, the means of earning a decent living.” According to him indeed, “to remain in rural activity, farmers in both developed and developing countries should earn incomes that are comparable to their fellow citizens employed in the secondary and tertiary sectors.”
These statements, which indicate a change in the mentalities within the international community, are good omens for the future. Indeed, whereas the FAO has always appeared as the defender of local agriculture in the developing countries, it had never until now expressed a position on the situation of farmers in the developed countries, nor highlighted the fact that they face the same issues. And the latter are just as threatened as those of poor countries by the hyper volatility of prices on agricultural markets. It is therefore a necessity to guarantee a decent and lasting income to farmers wherever they are; particularly because, under the pressure of the world’s demographic growth which will bring the number of mouths to be fed up to 9 billion by 2050, all agricultures in the world will be needed more than ever – those of the developing countries as well as those of the developed countries.