A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

Agricultural issues in the Mediterranean:
Moroccan agriculture is ahead of its game

May 4, 2015

The tenth edition of the SIAM (International Exhibition of Agriculture in Morocco) was held in Meknes between 28th April and 3rd May, a good opportunity for participants to reconsider the agricultural challenges of Morocco, the Maghreb and also sub-Saharan Africa.

The challenges in the Mediterranean region for the fight against food insecurity are tough. While agriculture is one of the fundamental pillars of these economies and sustains 25% of the region’s total population, it remains weakened by several factors:
    - Structural factors: the limit of arable land and chronic drought, population pressure, scarcity of supply at local level against an explosion of demand, poor infrastructure,

    - Political and economic destabilizing factors of which the Arab revolutions were one manifestation,

    - Endogenous and market risks: the financialization of agricultural commodity markets and hyper-volatility of food prices are notably some of the triggers of the recent food crises in this region,

    - “Grain overdependence”: securing food supplies is even more fragile because some of these countries are becoming increasingly dependent on external markets. Consequently, Tunisia currently imports 80% of its wheat needs and 20% in durum wheat; a situation that exposes them to even more brutal agricultural price reversals.
However, unlike other countries in the region, Morocco is ahead of its game. The kingdom now has more than necessary with regards food self-sufficiency. It considers its agriculture as a guarantee of power and is in global agricultural trade with Europe as well as with partners such as Canada, the US and Russia, which became Morocco’s first customer for citrus fruit with 60 % of the exported volume. The Green Morocco Plan, the achievements of which were discussed at the SIAM, fits into this objective, to end in 2020, it aims at making national agriculture a real lever for social and economic growth.

And it is clear that efforts have paid off. Despite a deficit trend in the food trade balance, the agricultural sector represents about 15% of GDP, accounts for 43% of the working population and over 78% of rural employment. According to recent figures from the High Commission for the plan (HCP), economic growth in the kingdom was carried in the first quarter 2015 by agricultural activity, from 1.8% the previous quarter to 4.4%.

Morocco is often presented as a laboratory of a changing Mediterranean world. Moroccan Agriculture is characteristic of global issues and challenges in the region. Eminently strategic, this sector ultimately reflects the complexity of North/South and South/South relations. Europe and the Mediterranean area in this context have a major role to play around a renewed common agricultural governance.

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Paris, 19 June 2019