A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

Africa and the agricultural challenge: from a food security strategy to a strategy of food sovereignty1

July 7, 2014

The 23rd Summit of the African Union was held from 20th to 27th June in Malabo (Equatorial Guinea) on the theme of agriculture and food security in Africa, an opportunity for the 54 countries present to review their agricultural policies initiated ten years ago; a mitigated review because any discourses have been followed with little action.

11 years after the commitments made in Maputo in 2003, which requested that African countries spend 10% of their expenditure on agriculture, only 7 of the 53 signatory countries have, and NEPAD’s (New Partnership for Africa's Development) Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) objectives adopted in 2004 to help African countries achieve an agricultural growth rate of 6% per annum, are also far from being reached.

The civil society organizations attending this summit pointed a finger at the growing cost of food imports. Indeed, Africa already spends 33 billion USD annually on the importation of commodities, even though on a continental scale it has sufficient resources to meet the food needs of its 1.1 billion inhabitants.

Despite significant commitment by African Heads of State to eliminate hunger on the continent by 2025, the Summit proves, despite certain progress, that the leaders of the African Union lack a strategic vision for the future of agriculture to effectively take action in order to fully accomplish the continent’s agricultural revolution.

In Africa, 70% of the working population is employed in agriculture, against 43% globally. However, Africa has still not achieved self-sufficiency, while China and India, which have 3 to 6 times less arable land available, have.

Yet the development of agriculture is the cornerstone of any policy in the fight against poverty and food insecurity. According to the World Bank, the growth of the agricultural sector is about two and a half times more effective for reducing poverty than growth in other sectors.

The “new agricultural revolution” will be achieved by reinforcing agricultural investment, the establishment of an agro-food industry, training of the young and funding for research, but it is also essential that international governance implements conditions that are more favorable to the development of African agriculture and its integration into international markets.

1 A term used by Jean Sibiri Zoundi, a specialist in African agriculture
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Paris, 24 June 2019